“In religion and politics people’s beliefs and convictions are in almost every case gotten at second-hand, and without examination, from authorities who have not themselves examined the questions at issue but have taken them at second-hand from other non-examiners, whose opinions about them were not worth a brass farthing.”

― Mark Twain

I have started with this quote that portrays the present situation of politics & religion and the condition of the working class in our society. The “WORKING CLASS” (Sadly but, determined as a category in the society) exists in every culture that is under the governance and control of the capitalist or the bureaucrats. Humanity and equality exists only in the books of philosophers who dreamt better for this world, whereas in reality, it became an identity for the people who are acting like puppets of the capitalists. In other simple terms, the relation of the manufacturer (Capitalist/Bureaucrats) to his operatives has nothing human in it; it is purely economic. The manufacturer is Capital, the operative Labour. And if the operative will not be forced into this abstraction, if he insists that he is not labour, but a man, who possesses, among other things, the attribute of labour-force, if he takes it into his head that he need not allow himself to be sold and bought in the market, as the commodity “Labour”, the bourgeois reason comes to a standstill. 

The film starts with a few shots of the female protagonist standing in front of the mirror, points on her reflection or her assumed true self. The film travels back and forth into the harsh realities of the societies that are un-explored by the fascists and the elites of the circus so-called “Society”. Costumes of the characters tell their identity and it is not difficult to understand the reason of orange kurta in the film. However, the question remains the same that, why they four were running? Well, apart from saving their lives it has some layers, which examines the law and order of our country. Politicians are the ringmaster and the people are the animals in the cage. The film also speaks about many social norms and one of them is inter-caste marriage. The female protagonist falls for a muslim man, Ibrahim. “Kharbooje ka beej” or “Muskmelon Seed” is good for heart and it was used as a brilliant metaphor for love. It shows the roots of love in rural areas where the luxury of the big cities is unavailable. Interesting factor of the film is the man who is attracted towards men more than to the opposite gender. In our culture, same sex relationship is always a taboo, and that is the predominant cause why the larger section of the society remains homophobic, and characteristically ashamed of it. The male protagonist was a man of morals and values. The film focuses on the reality of the society, its ethics and norms.

This analysis relies on some of these meanings, but focuses mainly on its use as word and truth, essence. It is also worthwhile considering the semantic richness of the ‘Dedh’ , an important aspect in Dedh Gaanth. We can understand it as the word ‘one and a half’ (as in literary or academic texts), or in the broader sense of words that anticipate other words, more than one but not enough to complete two. Both are present in this film, and play an inherently functional role.

The film does have a lot of background music (which I think, was not required at all) but has few good songs, which created a sense of rhythm and has the elements of continuity, now why am I saying it? It plays on the same rhythm, which made me feel like that the act, which is still going on, the routine of people and the way the film progresses, is continuous on a daily basis. The film shows the political and social reality in our country (but it can be considered universal). It screams about the difficulties and struggles of the working class that they face every day in order to earn their living. The film is universal in terms of context, as it serves the dark truth of each culture and society. The film was left open ended by the director, which to some, may reflect the truth that religion integrated politics and people involved do not end, in fact, it continues to maturate over the time.    

Director’s dialectical, self-questioning mode of representation is a central concern of my reading of Dedh-Gaanth. ‘Self-questioning’ and ‘self-reflection’ gather another meaning in it. At first, one might expect something graspable from this film. However, as the short run time ends, one might wonder whether this ‘story’ is much more about oneself and one’s relation to what is on screen, as opposed to any content or ‘message’.

I would like to end the analysis by a quote too,

“Those who believe religion and politics aren’t connected don’t understand either.” 

 — Mahatma Gandhi

"The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of The Renaissance" 

About Abhishek Dixit

Abhishek Dixit is a Film Director, Art and Film Critic, Thinker, Researcher, Artist, Data Scientist, screenwriter, and Author. Currently, obtaining his BFA in Film Direction at the Faculty of Film and Television at the PLC State University of Performing and Visual Arts. He has also been pursuing a Master's degree in Philosophy from Indira Gandhi National Open University. He graduated with a Post Graduate Diploma in Folklore and Culture Studies, a Bachelor of Technology in Information Technology, and a Diploma in Information Technology. Furthermore, he has completed courses at significant pioneer institutions like courses in Persian Language, Literature, and Art from the National Museum. He has also completed a Certificate in Theatre Appreciation from the National School of Drama. He also did short courses at the Film and Television Institute of India, Australian Film and Television Institute, and Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institute. The ArtX Company and the Goethe Institute granted him a fellowship for the Culture Management in the Digital Age project. Among his past work are three acclaimed documentaries, a web series, "The Laachaars” (Under Post Production), and a few short movies. Two of his books are in the works: a critical biography about Ebrahim Alkazi, for which he received a grant from The Raza Foundation; and a historical romance fiction novel called Coast and Shore. Mahindra and Mahindra granted him an all-India scholarship for having a stellar scholastic record. He is committed to Preserving, Protecting, and Promoting human expression, literature, culture, cinema, and heritage.

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